Types of Drugs - Stimulants & Amphetamines
It can get quite confusing with
all the different kinds of drugs that you hear about. You hear
about marijaunna and ecstacy quite often amongst your teenage
peers. To clear up a bit of the confusion about all of the different
drugs and types, the following is a list of different types of
drugs and their effects. Here, and the links below will
look at specific drugs, symptoms and effects.
What are they?
Stimulants is a name given
to several groups of drugs that tend to increase alertness and
physical activity. The groups include pharmaceuticals such as
amphetamines and the street drugs commonly called "uppers"
or "speed," and cocaine. The more widely abused stimulants
are amphetamines and cocaine.
What they do?
Used properly, amphetamines
increase alertness and physical ability.
Amphetamines increase the heart and respiration rates, increase
blood pressure, dilate the pupils of the eyes, and decrease appetite.
Other side effects include anxiety, blurred vision, sleeplessness,
and dizziness. Abuse of amphetamines can cause irregular heartbeat
and even physical collapse.
While amphetamine users may feel
a temporary boost in self-confidence and power, the abuse of the
drug can lead to delusions, hallucinations, and a feeling of paranoia.
These feelings can cause a person to act in bizarre fashion, even
violently. In most people, these effects disappear when they stop
using the drug.
A popular stimulant drug amongst
teens is ecstasy. It is a designer drug created by underground
chemists. It comes in powder, tablet, or capsule form. Ecstasy
is a popular club drug among teens because it is widely available
at raves, dance clubs, and concerts. In fact - this drug combines
a hallucinogenic with a stimulant effect, making all emotions,
both negative and positive, much more intense.
Amphetamines are psychologically
addictive. Users become dependent on the drug to avoid the "down"
feeling they often experience when the drug's effect wears off.
This dependence can lead a user to turn to stronger stimulants
such as cocaine, or to larger doses of amphetamines to maintain
People who abruptly stop using
amphetamines often experience the physical signs of addiction,
such as fatigue, long periods of sleep, irritability, and depression.
How severe and prolonged these withdrawal symptoms are depends
on the degree of abuse.
That boost we get from that morning
cup of coffee is the result of the caffeine that naturally occurs
in coffee. Caffeine is a common stimulant and
is found not only in coffee and tea, but also in soft drinks and
other foods. It can also be bought over-the-counter in tablet
form. Too much caffeine can cause anxiousness, headaches, and
the "jitters." Caffeine is also addictive and a person
who abruptly stops drinking coffee may experience withdrawal symptoms.
Heroin and Opiates